Pesticides

There has been considerable research and development undertaken over the last 30 plus years to provide more target specific pesticides at much lower rates of active ingredient, which are less persistent and often less toxic to both humans and non-target species. Pesticides, when used, should also be adopted as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program to demonstrate wider environmental awareness.

 

POISONS HELPLINE AND INFORMATION

Poisons helpline, for fast poisoning advice 24 hours, 7 days a week, from anywhere in Australia, call 131126. Information Centre Informaion: QLD Poisons Information Centre, NSW Poisons Information Centre, WA Poisons Information Centre, VIC Poisons Information Centre.

What pesticide can I use?

Pesticide containers within Australia are to clearly label the contents of the poison included within as stated within the Poisons Standard. This must be with the signal word or words relating to the Schedule in which the poison is included and the purpose for which it is to be used. For turf related pesticides the following Poison Schedules are seen:

  • Schedule 5 - CAUTION
  • Schedule 6 - POISON
  • Schedule 7 - DANGEROUS POISON

Refer to either of the two sub-categories provided below for homeowner or sports turf pesticide usage.

Home garden and domestic pest-control products are products that contain an agricultural chemical and are available to the general public through normal retail outlets. Home garden products are for use on vegetables, fruit, trees, ornamentals, lawns and other areas around private dwellings, for the control of diseases, insect pests, weeds, snails, slugs and rodents. Private dwelling means a private dwelling house, boarding house, apartment house, common lodging house or special accommodation house. Domestic pest-control products are mainly used inside private dwellings to control common insect pests such as cockroaches, ants, spiders, silverfish, flies, mosquitoes and fleas.

For both home garden and domestic pest-control products:

  • the agricultural chemical product must either be classified as exempt from poison scheduling or it must be a Schedule 5 or Schedule 6 poison as listed in the Poisons Standard
  • there is flexibility in the pack size; commonly home garden packs have an upper size limit of approximately 1 litre or 1 kilogram; however, some ready-to-use products may exceed this, where products are ready to use or very dilute
  • the treated vegetables and fruit should be primarily grown for personal consumption; that is, they should not be grown on a commercial scale or for sale
  • no special precautions or personal protective equipment should be required for preparation and use of the agricultural chemical products or disposal of the product and its container—for example persons preparing or using the chemicals should not need any of the following: protective waterproof clothing, PVC or rubber apron, elbow-length PVC gloves, face shield, goggles, impervious footwear, half- or full-face respirator, or breathing apparatus with air supply. Containers should be able to be discarded by placing in household garbage without undue hazard.
  • the product is to be used and applied as per label recommendations. 

Schedule 7: DANGEROUS POISON products are NOT TO BE USED. They are considered to be too toxic for use by householders or home gardeners; hence, they must not be labelled as home garden or domestic pest-control products.

Source content modified from the Ag Labelling Code within the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) <http://apvma.gov.au/node/871>

Qualified industry professionals are able to use poisons that are Scheduled 5, 6 or 7 depending on their Authorisation and Current License(s). Schedule 7 poisons have a high potential for causing harm at low exposure. They are only available to authorised users that have the skills to handle them safely. All pesticides are to be used and applied as per label recommendations. 

Application Rate

A = Liquid flow (nozzle output) for 1 minute

Nozzle output/flow rate= [...............] L/min (A)

B = Area to be sprayed (width x distance)

Width (swath width (m)) = [...............]  (W)
Distance (travelled (m/min)) = [...............]  (D)
[...............]  x D [...............]  = [...............]  m2 (B)

Therefore the application rate equals =

[...............]  / B [...............]  x 10,000 = [...............]  L/ha (C) do not round off

 

Amount of pesticide to add to the tank

Spray tank size = [...............]  L
Application rate =  [...............]  L/ha (C)
Chemical rate =  [...............]  L/ha (label rate)

Tanks size [...............]  L / application rate [...............]  L/ha x chemical rate [...............]  L/ha = [...............]  L required.