Planting methods depend on whether you are laying vegetative turf (sod) or using seed. Most lawns or recreational areas are laid as vegetative turf, which normally comes in rolled strips or turf slabs that are 45-50 cm wide.

Vegetative Turf

Turf harvester

Turf slabs

Turf rolls

Washed turfgrass


  • If time permits, prepare and water the seed bed prior to sowing. This will encourage the germination of the most undesirable seeds i.e. weeds. Eradicate the emerging seedlings with glyphosate, as per label recommendations, before sowing your desired turf seed.
  • Take care to spread the seed evenly over the area during planting. Except for kikuyu and buffalograss, seed of most warm-season turfgrasses (green and blue couch, centipede grass, zoysia) is quite small.
  • Seeding rates for these warm-season turfgrasses are usually between 0.5 and 1 kilogram per 100 square metres. Refer to instructions on the packet for specific information.
  • Mix the seed with moistened ‘brickies’ sand before planting to help in spreading it evenly. For best results, use five parts of moist sand to one part of seed.
  • Spread the seed in at least two applications across the area, the second crisscrossing the first at right angles to it.
  • After seeding, rake the area lightly, covering the seed with no more than about 2-3 mm of soil.
  • Seed germination is more rapid if you water the planting area immediately after planting and keep it moist, but not wet, by shallow watering during germination. Do not overwater, as this could wash the seed away.

After Planting Care



Pests, diseases and weeds

Site Preparation